Dyskinesia is described as a symptom that occurs in a number of medical conditions. It’s a term that is used to describe unintentional, spontaneous or uncontrollable movement.
Dyskinesia vs. Dystonia
Dyskinesia can interfere largely with a person’s activities, and others might experience mild movements that they can barely notice. Individuals can also experience unrelenting spontaneous muscle contractions that make the body go into spasms. This is actually known as dystonia and not dyskinesia. Generally, dyskinetic movements tend to be quite rapid and in dancing like motion, commonly called choreiform or chorea movements. Dystonia is usually slower, with a painful twist and forces the body into abnormal postures. However, there are instances that the two conditions overlap. It’s also very possible for individuals to experience both conditions simultaneously.
Symptoms of Dyskinesia
The uncontrollable movements associated with dyskinesia might include jerking, twitches, simple restlessness or twisting but doesn’t include tremor. Even though different regions of the human body might be affected, the most commonly affected areas include the trunk and limbs. Dyskinesia normally affects each individual differently whether it’s in its severity, frequency or timing.
Causes of Dyskinesia
The actual cause of dyskinesia is not known. Although most medical experts believe that it is associated with prolonged use of specific medications such as the anti-Parkinsonian drugs called levodopa. It’s believed that Levodopa is responsible for increased dopamine sensitivity inside the brain. This coupled with natural development of the Parkinson’s disease can result to dyskinesia. Certainly, when the effectiveness of the levodopa drug reaches its climax as well as dopamine levels, then ‘peak-dose dyskinesia is easily to occur. Since dyskinesia is usually prompted by prolonged levodopa use, it appears to occur even more as the Parkinson’s diseases progresses.
Treatment for dyskinesia can tend to be complicated. It sometimes might appear logical to avoid or reduce intake of levodopa for the longest time possible. Dyskinesia is usually seen as a side-effect of taking the levodopa drugs; this might mean that all other symptoms like tremor, slow movement and rigidity are not controllable anymore. It is quite important that one strikes a balance between enhanced mobility and periods of dyskinesia.
For patients with dyskinesia, sitting back and having a relaxing moment can assist since engaging in activities while experiencing the condition can result to stress and frustration. Equally, some individuals find it helpful when they are busy or socializing with friends since it distracts them from dyskinesia.
- Medication: Balancing and regulating administered drugs to whatever suits you is vital when controlling the symptoms, especially motor symptoms like dyskinesia.
- Diet: Healthy eating is crucial with particular attention to your doctor’s advice regarding how to take levodopa drugs in regard to food. Protein usually affects levodopa absorption in the bloodstream.
- Workouts and rest: Regular exercises like walking or swimming can be quite helpful as well as getting enough sleep.
- Try and discover a position that best suits you: Normally if the dyskinesia is severe throughout the entire body, just lying on the side on the bed and taking gentle breaths can be helpful for a while. It’s advisable not to force the movement but to try and relax at the most comfortable position.
If medication fails and dyskinesia continues to affect a person’s quality of life the only option left is surgery. However, this isn’t suitable for just anybody and a specialist doctor must be consulted first